Torque Distribution in Final Drives

Torque Distribution in Final Drives

Torque Distribution in Final Drives


Final drives are a crucial component of any vehicle, responsible for transferring power from the transmission to the wheels. Torque distribution in final drives determines how much power is delivered to each wheel, allowing for optimal traction and handling.

Types of Torque Distribution

Open Differential

An open differential delivers equal torque to each wheel. This type of differential is simple and inexpensive, but not ideal for high-performance vehicles or off-road applications as it can lead to wheel spin and loss of traction.

Limited Slip Differential

A limited slip differential delivers more torque to the wheel with more grip, reducing the risk of wheel spin and improving handling. There are several types of limited slip differentials, including clutch-type, viscous and gear-type.

Locking Differential

A locking differential delivers 100% torque to both wheels, eliminating any loss of traction. This type of differential is ideal for off-road applications but can be cumbersome and impractical for everyday use.

Applications of Torque Distribution in Final Drives

Final drives are used in a wide range of vehicles and machinery, including cars, trucks, construction equipment, and agricultural machinery. They are typically found in the rear axle of a vehicle but can also be used in the front axle or in pairs on both axles for all-wheel drive applications.

The installation of a final drive can significantly improve vehicle performance, increasing traction and handling in all driving conditions. Final drives are particularly beneficial for off-road vehicles and heavy machinery, where traction is essential for safety and performance.

Maintenance and Troubleshooting


  1. Regularly check and replace the final drive oil to prevent wear and damage to the gears and bearings.
  2. Inspect the final drive for any leaks or damage to the housing, cover, or seals.
  3. Check and adjust the backlash between the ring and pinion gears to ensure proper operation.


  1. If the final drive is making noise or vibrating, check the gear teeth for wear and damage.
  2. If the final drive is leaking oil, check the seals and gaskets for damage or wear.
  3. If the final drive is not providing enough traction, check the differential and torque distribution for any faults or damage.

Track Drive

Installation Guide for Travel Gearbox Final Drive

The installation of a travel gearbox final drive requires careful attention to detail and precise alignment. Before installation, ensure that the final drive is compatible with the vehicle’s transmission and axle.

Installation Steps

  1. Remove the old final drive and inspect the axle and transmission for any damage or wear.
  2. Install the new final drive, ensuring that it is properly aligned and secured in place.
  3. Fill the final drive with the appropriate oil, following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
  4. Test the final drive for proper operation and torque distribution, making any necessary adjustments.

Travel Gearbox Final Drive

Overall, the torque distribution in final drives plays a critical role in the performance and safety of a vehicle or piece of machinery. Proper maintenance and troubleshooting are essential for ensuring optimal operation and longevity. At XYZ Company, we have a team of experts who specialize in final drives and can provide the support and guidance you need to keep your equipment running smoothly. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you.

Author: Miya