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A gear rack has straight teeth cut into one surface of a square or round section of rod and operates with a pinion, which is a small cylindrical gear meshing with the gear rack. Generally, gear rack and pinion are collectively called “rack and pinion”. 

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What is Gear Rack?

A gear rack, also known as a rack and pinion, is a type of linear motion mechanism that converts rotational motion into linear motion. It consists of a straight bar or rack with teeth along its length and meshes with a gear or pinion.

The gear rack is the linear counterpart of a spur gear. The teeth on the rack are typically straight and parallel to the direction of motion. When the gear or pinion meshes with the rack, the rotational motion of the gear is translated into linear motion along the rack.

Gear racks are commonly used in various applications where linear motion is required, such as in CNC machines, robotics, automotive steering systems, and lifting mechanisms. They provide a simple and efficient way to convert rotational motion to linear motion and are often preferred over other linear motion mechanisms due to their high precision, reliability, and ability to handle heavy loads.

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How to Define a Gear Rack?

To define a gear rack and customize it according to your needs, you typically need to determine the following parameters:

  1. Module or Pitch: The module (for metric systems) or pitch (for imperial systems) represents the size of the teeth. It determines the spacing and size of the teeth on the gear rack. The module or pitch is usually specified in millimeters or inches, respectively.
  2. Lunghezza: The length of the gear rack refers to the distance between its two ends. It determines the maximum linear travel or stroke that the rack can provide.
  3. Tooth Profile: Gear racks can have different tooth profiles, such as straight, helical, or custom profiles. The tooth profile affects how the rack meshes with the gear or pinion and influences factors like load capacity, noise level, and smoothness of operation.
  4. Materiale: The choice of material for the gear rack depends on the specific application requirements, including factors such as load capacity, durability, and environmental conditions. Common materials for gear racks include steel, stainless steel, and various types of plastics.
  5. Mounting Options: Consider how the gear rack will be mounted or integrated into your system. This may include evaluating options such as end mounting holes, brackets, or other attachment methods.
  6. Tolerance and Precision Requirements: Specify the level of precision and tolerance required for the gear rack. This may include factors such as tooth profile accuracy, pitch deviation, surface finish, and dimensional tolerances.
  7. Additional Features: Depending on your application, you may need to consider additional features such as lubrication holes, anti-backlash mechanisms, or special coatings for corrosion resistance.

It’s important to consult with a gear rack manufacturer or supplier who can guide you through the customization process and help ensure that the gear rack meets your specific requirements and performance expectations.

Types of Gear Racks

Spur Rack

Spur Rack

Straight teeth rack is the most common type of rack, with straight teeth arranged in a straight line. It is used in conjunction with spur gears to convert rotational motion into linear motion or vice versa.

helical Rack

Helical Rack

Helical rack has diagonally arranged helical teeth that are used in conjunction with helical gears. The combination of helical rack and helical gear has high transmission efficiency and low noise.

round gear Racks

Round Gear Racks

Round rack is a round rack with a grooved surface.

Linear Guide Gear Rack

Linear Guide Gear Racks

Linear guide rack is a specially designed rack that combines the functions of a rack and a linear guide. It has a grooved surface that can be used in conjunction with supporting linear guide components, providing linear motion and providing guidance and support functions.



Gear rack for conveyor

Transmission system

Rack and pinion transmission is used in various transmission systems, such as conveyor belts, conveyor mechanisms, conveyors, and industrial machinery. They provide reliable transmission and positioning functions.


gear rack for Automatic door system

Automatic door systems

It is commonly used in automatic door systems, such as sliding doors, swing doors, and revolving doors. The rack converts rotational motion into linear motion, achieving automatic door opening and closing operation.

gear rack for CNC machine tool

CNC machine tool

Computer numerical control (CNC) machine tools use rack and pinion transmission to control the movement of cutting tools and workpieces. The combination of rack and matching gears or worms achieves high-precision linear motion control.

Construction site elevator

Elevator system

Rack and gear transmission systems are widely used in elevator systems to convert the rotational motion of electric motors into vertical motion of elevators, achieving the rise and fall of floors.

Greenhouse opening and closing system

Greenhouse opening and closing system

The Greenhouse opening and closing system uses rack and pinion transmission to control the opening and closing operation of the top of the greenhouse. The combination of rack and gear or worm ensures smooth opening and closing of the roof of the greenhouse.


Robots and automation equipment

Robots and automation equipment

Rack and pinion transmission is widely used in robots and automation equipment to achieve various movements, such as joint motion, linear propulsion, and translational motion.